State of Hawaii
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Biosecurity, in the
context of animal agriculture, is the series of management steps taken
to prevent the introduction of infectious agents into a flock. The
U.S. Department of Agriculture website also contains information on
producers, as well as residents with backyard flocks, are strongly
advised to increase biosecurity measures to reduce the likelihood of
introduction of poultry diseases, including HPAI and Exotic
Newcastle’s disease. Some measures can be implemented easily and at
little cost while others, such as preventing contact between wild
birds and poultry or poultry feed, may be more difficult and costly.
In any case, it is in the best interests of poultry producers to
maintain the highest levels of biosecurity and health standards for
To report sick or
dying poultry, please contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture’s
Animal Industry Division at (808) 483-7119, (808) 483-7106 or (808)
837-8092. The (808) 837-8092 number is manned 24 hours per day and 7
days per week.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR REDUCING THE RISK OF INTRODUCTION OF AVIAN
coming onto your premises.
farms that keep poultry/waterfowl/game birds.
Seal poultry house
attics and cover ventilation openings with screens.
Keep your poultry
in closed and locked house(s). Allow only essential personnel into
your poultry house(s). Provide clean or disposable coveralls, head
covers, and plastic boots or boots that can be cleaned and
Before working with
your own flock, put on clean clothing and footwear.
Do not share
equipment or vehicles with other farms.
foot baths daily. Place foot baths at outside entries to poultry
house(s) and egg room(s).
vehicles and equipment entering your premises be cleaned and
disinfected (Personnel and equipment that have been in direct or
indirect contact with other farms pose a great risk).
Trucks to slaughter
facilities or egg processors should not be going directly to any
farm to load birds. It is recommended that birds are taken to a
central location for loading onto trucks. Vehicles transporting
birds should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before returning
to the farm. Special attention should be paid to the crates. If
you must allow trucks onto your premises, do not allow personnel or
crates to enter your poultry house(s) unless those personnel are
wearing proper clothing and crates have been cleaned and
supplies brought to your premises (egg flats, carts, etc.) be new
(if disposable) or be washed and disinfected (plastic flats, carts,
shelves, or dividers).
“all-in/all-out” philosophy of flock management.
Protect open range
or backyard poultry flocks from contact with wild birds and water
that may have been contaminated by wild birds.
Dispose of dead
birds safely (incineration, burial, composting, rendering). Never
pile dead birds outside of a building or spread in fields.
load-outs are required on your farm, try to have all birds off the
farm within 3-4 days.
increased illness or mortality to your company or to the HDOA at
(808) 483-7102 or 483-7106 or (808) 837-8092 (24 hours).